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Barcelona

History
    • The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch
    • Barcelona El Prat Airport
    • Arc de Triomf
    • Barcelona Cathedral 1880
    • Plaza Cataluña 1900
    • Barcelona City Hall
    • Barcelona 1563
    • Print by Alfred Guesdon
    • Emperor Augustus
    • Carrer del Bisbe Barcelona
    • Salo de Cent Barcelona
    • Basílica de la Mercè
    • Olympic Stadium
    • Camp Nou
    • Generalitat de Catalunya
    • The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch
    • The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch
    • Catedral de Sta Eulalia
    • Creation of the Coat of Arms of Barcelona
    • Olympic Stadium
    • 1929 International Exposition
    • University of Barcelona
    • Hospital Sant Pau
    • Antonio Gaudi
    • Mataró Train Station
    • Santa María del Mar Cathedral
    • La Monumental Bullring
    • Palau de la Música Catalana
    • Plaza Real
    • Port Vell Barcelona
    • 18th-century French print
    • Barcelona port
    • Stone relief Barcelona Cathedral
    • Sagrada Familia
    • Barcelona Cathedral

    Barcelona was founded at the end of the 1st century BC, when the Romans set up a colony called Barcino. At that time the city was inhabited by just one thousand people, and a large defensive wall was erected all around the city (some remains of the wall still stand in the historic centre). In the Middle Ages, Barcelona became the most important political and economic hub in the Western Mediterranean, although it faced a drawn-out struggle to defend its economic and political independence. In 1714, this struggle culminated when the city fell to the Bourbon armies.

    PHOTOS
    • The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch Barcelona El Prat Airport Arc de Triomf Barcelona Cathedral 1880 Plaza Cataluña 1900 Barcelona City Hall Barcelona 1563 Print by Alfred Guesdon Emperor Augustus Carrer del Bisbe Barcelona Salo de Cent Barcelona Basílica de la Mercè Olympic Stadium Camp Nou Generalitat de Catalunya The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch The Four Columns of Puig i Cadafalch Catedral de Sta Eulalia Creation of the Coat of Arms of Barcelona Olympic Stadium 1929 International Exposition University of Barcelona Hospital Sant Pau Antonio Gaudi Mataró Train Station Santa María del Mar Cathedral La Monumental Bullring Palau de la Música Catalana Plaza Real Port Vell Barcelona 18th-century French print Barcelona port Stone relief Barcelona Cathedral Sagrada Familia Barcelona Cathedral
  • Barcelona through the Ages

    With the inception of the Industrial Revolution, in the mid-19th century, Barcelona embarked on a new stage of growth and cultural revival called the Renaixença, during which the Catalan language enjoyed a literary resurgence. The city’s expansion continued apace, with major urban transformation gradually spawning a new form of artistic expression within Barcelona society, Modernism (Modernisme in Catalan). The event that went the biggest way to shaping the city’s development at the time was without a doubt Ildefons Cerdà’s Eixample project. Another of the leading architects of the time was Antoni Gaudí, who designed a number of world-renowned buildings, including: the Sagrada Familia, the Casa Batlló and the Casa Milà (also known as "La Pedrera").

    One of the major events of the 20th century was the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. After three years of fighting, this gave rise to the Franco dictatorship, which put an end to the freedom and rights the country’s citizens had enjoyed in the previous century. With the arrival of democracy in 1978, Barcelona was able to bounce back.

    The 1992 Olympic Games and the 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures helped revitalise Barcelona, and the city quickly became one of the world’s top tourist and cultural destinations.