The origins of the city of Paris date from the 3rd century BC, when the Parisi, a Gaulish tribe, settled in the area known today as Ile-de-la Cité. In the year 52 ad, the Romans, led by Julio César, conquered the area. After this invasion the city lived a period of splendor and came to have palaces, a forum and even an Amphitheatre.
With the fall of the Roman Empire, the city was renamed with its current name, Paris. The arrival of the first Millennium consolidated Paris as the headquarters city of the rulers of France, opening a new golden period. The construction of Notre Dame Gothic Cathedral began in 1163.
Paris through the Ages
During the 12th and 13th centuries, the Sorbonne was born, and the first great expansion of the city took place with the drains of Marais. Also during this period, the Sainte-Chapelle was built.
The 15th century witnessed the last battles of liberation against the Anglo-Norman invasion, led by Joan of Arch, followed by an expansion period concurred with the Renaissance.
The following centuries were cradle for the great kings of Versailles until the explosion of the French Revolution. After the imperialist period of Napoleon, in the 19th century the city lived one of its longest urban revolutions by the hand of Napoleón III and Baron Haussmann, whom devised the avenues and buildings that we enjoy today, eliminating the medieval setting of the city and renovating the sewerage system.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Paris became the cultural capital of the world, with the birth of great artistic movements such as Impressionism and the establishment of great artists in the city such as Dali, Picasso, Hemingway, etc.
The contemporary history of Paris is been marked by wars. In 1914, during the First World War, Paris is liberated from German occupation after the battle of the Marne. In 1940, in the framework of the Second World War, the Germans occupied Paris again until 1944, when the city got back its freedom.
The post-war period witnessed the flowering of a group of thinkers such as Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and Prévert, who gathered to discuss their ideas at the famous Cafe De Flore or the Deux Magots.
Today France is the main tourist destination of the world and Paris gets much of the attention of all tourists and travelers visiting the country.